Within many countries Alternative Dispute Resolution methods and process are still relatively new, but this is changing fast with more and more major contracts being written and stipulating these as the preferred method of dispute resolution, it make sense, Mediators and Arbitrators are dedicated to the process and are driven by very specific timelines, The Aim is not to compete with the Judicial Litigation process it is more focused on trying to free up the time of Judges so that they can spending more time act as a Judge and not a mediator or Arbitrator. 

Mediation is the oldest form of dispute resolution, mediators are defined within the old Testament of the Bible